In the name of GOD, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

                                  Proclaim, “He is the One and Only GOD.”

                                    “The Absolute GOD.”

                                       “Never did He beget. Nor was He begotten.”

                                          “None equals Him.”

 

 Universal Unity                                                                                       Editor: Keikhosrow Emami

September 1997 [No. 39]

"Under the guise of their apparent faith,
They repel the people from the path of God.
Miserable indeed is what they do.
This is because they believed, then disbelieved.
Hence, their minds are blocked; they do not understand."
63:2,3

 

By: Ashraf Salmawy
In an article published in the June 1997 issue of the Journal of Submission, Milan Sulc arrives at the conclusion that Hajj may only be observed during the "Hillal" period of each of the four months. To present his view Mr. Sulc refers to (2:197, 2:189, and 22:27-28). The following are some points that, God willing, may be taken into consideration in assessing the issue debated by Mr. Sulc.

First
In his article Mr. Sulc says, "(To say) that the rites of the Hajj can be observed `At any time' during the known months is not compatible with 2:189, which clearly states that it is the `hillal' periods of these months: "Yas'aloon-ka `an al-ahillah QuI, hiya mawaaqit li-an-naas, wa al- hajj ..." [2:189] They ask you about the `hillal' periods of the months. Say, "They're timers for the people and for the Hajj ..." Mr. Sulc then proceeds to distinguish between the six different Arabic words that describe the separate phases of the lunar month and says: "Only one phase, the beginning of the month, is called 'al-hillal'. Therefore, the ayat 2:189 refers clearly to the 'hillal' period, i.e. the beginning of the lunar months, and not phases of the moon. Since the period of the 'hillal' is only during the first few days of each lunar month, the rites of the hajj cannot be performed 'at any time' during the four sacred months, but only during the 'hillal' period of any of the four sacred months."

The first comment is that the translation used by Mr. Sulc does not correspond accurately with the Arabic Quran. The exact verse in Arabic is: "They ask you about the Hillals. Say, `They are timers for the people and for the Hajj ..." In the translation presented by Mr. Sulc the words - periods of the months - have been added after the word - HILLALs. This addition, that at first glance may appear Quite harmless, does in fact alter the meaning drastically. The emphasis in the verse is related to the functions of the HILLALs, but instead, and by adding the four words that are not found in the Arabic Quran, Mr. Sulc has diverted the emphasis to imply an imposed significance to the duration of the HILLALs. In effect, what Mr. Sulc has done is to add the words - periods of the months - to the verse, and then conclude that the verse must thus be speaking about the - periods of the months!! - The addition of the four words to the text is Quite ironic considering that the name of the article by Mr. Sulc is (following the Quran without addition or subtraction).

THEIR MINDS ARE BLOCKED ...
The fact that the hillal is the subject of the verse, and not any of the other five phases is not a question of dispute. After all the word "hillal" is used in the verse and not the word "Badr," for example. By adding the words "periods of the months," the function of the hillal as a "timer" to signal the beginning of the Hajj has been misconstrued to imply an issue of the duration of the hillal. There is no doubt that Mr. Sulc cannot dispute the fact that God is Most Efficient in expressing any intended meaning. Had God seen wisdom in adding words similar to the ones that Mr. Sulc has added in order to emphasize the duration of the hillal as opposed to the true purpose of it, He would have surely done so. The words used by God do not include the words "period of the months."

Second
The implication of shifting the emphasis from the function of the hillal to its duration leads to further significance. The reference to the duration of the hillal necessarily implies a reference to the first week or so of the month, while as a reference to the purpose of the hillal, it would simply refer to the brief act of sighting the hillal which signals the beginning of the Hajj.
2:189 indicates that the hillal serves as timer for other things besides the Hajj (timer for the people). We know that the commencement of the month of Ramadan for example is also one of the functions of the hillal (citing of the hillal). Not only does the hillal signal the beginning of the Hajj, but the hillal is also the tool prescribed by God in the Quran for commencing the fasting. However, no one has (YET) come up to say that since the period of the hillal is only a week or so, then we should only fast the first week of Ramadan!

Third
This comment is related to the observation by Mr. Sulc that the word "hillal" is used in the verse in the plural form. Mr. Sulc concludes that the plurality of the word "hillal" indicates that more than one hillal is required to be cited for the Hajj, and thus the hillal at the beginning of each of the four months is the period decreed for the observance of the Hajj and not the whole four months. Once again the error in interpretation becomes apparent through analyzing the exact words of the verse. In 2:189 we are told that the HILLALs serve more than one purpose. They are:

1. Timing device for the people, e.g. to start fasting, calendar purposes, and etc.
2. Timing devices for the Hajj.

It is obvious from the verse that the word "hillal" is used in a plural form because the hillal has more than one function; not that the Hajj pilgrimage requires more than one hillal. Had the verse said, "They ask you about the HILLALs, say, "They are timers for the Hajj," without the words "timers for the people," then Mr. Sulc could have every justification in claiming that Hajj requires more than one hillal (One at the beginning of each of the four months). For then the plural HILLALs would only be addressing Hajj pilgrimage.

Consider the following example: "These books belong to John and Mark." To deduce from this sentence that since the word "books" is used in the plural form, then Mark must have more than one book is poor deduction. The word "books" is used in the plural form because it speaks of John as well as Mark. The number of books could very well be two books, one for each.

Fourth
MR. Sulc then proceeds with his argument by referring to 22:27-28 and specifically to the words "known days" to further his assertion that the Hajj can only be observed during the first few days of each of the four months. In fact Hajj is also referred to in the Quran as "a number of days. 2:203 "You shall commemorate God for a number of days." However, to deduce from these words, "known days" and "a number of days," that Hajj can only be observed in the period of the hillal and not any other time during the four months is in error because of the following:

1. Almighty God in the verses of the Quran that speak of Hajj pilgrimage with clear distinction points at months. When God addresses Hajj itself, the words "specified months" are used as in 2:197, or the words "sacred months" as in 9:36. The reason for that being, that the duration of Hajj is the full four months. However, when God addresses the believers, the words "known days" and "a number of days" are used: "You shall commemorate God for a number of days." The words "You shall" which addresses the believers speak of "a number of days" for the simple fact that any believer who goes to do his/her Hajj, goes for a number of days; he/she does not stay for the whole four months.

2. Consider the example of the fasting in the month of Ramadan in the following verses:

[2:185] "Ramadan is the month during which the Quran was revealed, providing guidance for the people, clear teachings and the statute book. Those of you who witness this month shall fast therein. ..."

Here we read "the month" as being the duration of fasting. Now consider the following verse:

[2:184] "Specific days (are designated for fasting); if one is ill or traveling an equal number of other days may be substituted. ..."

The fasting in here is spoken of as "specified days." However, as of yet no one has come up with the revelation that we should only fast the first a few days of the month of Ramadan!

The explanation to all this lies in the fact that a month or months can also be spoken of as days, simply because months are made of days. The fact that they are spoken of as days does not change the fact that they are still months. This is similar to someone describing the years of his childhood by saying, "They were the best days of my life."
Thus any number of months can be spoken of as days, but the number of days when less than that in a month, cannot be spoken of as months. This case is similar to the prophet/messenger issue. We know that every prophet is also a messenger, but not every messenger is a prophet. In the Quran we find that prophet Muhammad is spoken of as a prophet in some of the verses and as a messenger in others. For someone to pick one of the verses that speak of Muhammad as a messenger and proclaim that since the verse says "messenger," thus Muhammad is not a prophet, would not be different in concept from what Mr. Sulc has done with the issue of the months and the days. Hajj is spoken of in the Quran as months and also as days; Ramadan is spoken of as a month and also as specific days.
"Only those who are intelligent will take heed."

All praises and thanks to Almighty God.

A HISTORICAL PRECEDENT
The four sacred months is a time frame within which the believers are given the chance to pause, ponder, and re-examine the major issues they
may be facing. It is also within this window of time that the believers are given ample opportunity to perform their Hajj pilgrimage to the shrine in Mecca.
God's religion has always been easy (5:6; 22:78), it is Satan who makes it difficult for his constituencies. To expose the true nature of Milan's revelation, we need to refer to the Ouran.

[9:37] Altering the Sacred Months is a sign of excessive disbelief; it augments the straying of those who have disbelieved. They alternate the Sacred Months and the regular months, while preserving the number of months consecrated by God. They thus violate what God has consecrated. Their evil works are adorned in their eyes. God does not guide the disbelieving people.

The corrupted Muslims violated what God has consecrated and altered the Sacred Months; Milan Sulc is advocating a new violation against what the Almighty has consecrated. He wishes to see that the greater portion of the Sacred Months be gone to waste. As the Ka'bah, the Sacred Masjid, is appointed by God to be a sanctuary for the people, so are the Sacred Months (5:97), the entire four Sacred months and not only the Hillal portion of them. Can you imagine being in the Sacred Masjid during the time consecrated by the Almighty just to find out that you cannot fulfill your obligation and perform your Hajj because the duration of the Hillal has expired? Think about the size of the inconvenience and the economic burden Milan's revelation would impose upon the people. The wrath of God be upon Satan! As the population of earth increases and also as the religion of Submission (Islam) prevails over all other religions (9:33; 61:9; 110:1-3), there will be many millions more of the people who would want to fulfill their obligation and perform their Hajj pilgrimage. Can you imagine the outcome of reducing the four Sacred Months to some scattered Sacred Days? Can you imagine the size of the chaos this would create ? The wrath of God be upon Satan!

Sura Al-Hajj - [22:52] "We did not send before you any messenger, nor a prophet, without having the devil interfere in his wishes. God then nullifies what the devil has done. God perfects His revelations. God is Omniscient, Most Wise.
[22:53] He thus sets up the devil's scheme as a test for those who harbor doubts in their hearts, and those whose hearts are hardened. The wicked must remain with the opposition.
[22:54] Those who are blessed with knowledge will recognize the truth from your Lord, then believe in it, and their hearts will readily accept it. Most assuredly, God guides the believers in the right path.

[25:27] The day will come when the transgressor will bite his hands (in anguish) and say, Alas, I wish I had followed the path with the messenger .
[25:28] Alas, woe to me, I wish I did not take that person as a friend.
[25:29] He has led me away from the message after it came to me. Indeed, the devil lets down his human victims.

[2:208] "O you who believe, you shall embrace total submission; do not follow the steps of Satan, for he is your most ardent enemy.
[2:209] If you backslide, after the clear proofs have come to you, then know that God is Almighty, Most wise."

OVER IT IS
19

This is God's assertion; He has placed His mathematical signature over His creation. No signature is over and above the signature of the Almighty! There are some among us who have followed the footsteps of Satan; they have become arrogant and proud. In their own twisted minds, they think that they have found something greater than 19. Do these people have a book in which they read, "Over it is other than 19?" How will it be in the Day of Resurrection when these people face their Creator (27:84)?

The distribution of the prime numbers throughout the Ouran in an awesome way prove the divine origin of the Final Testament. These prime numbers, in a manner that is simple to understand but impossible to imitate, prove that they are in compliance with the code 19.
     

Table 1: The sura numbers that are multiple of 19
And their number of the verses for which the verse numbers are prime numbers

No. Sura Numbers Number of Verses
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

19
38
57
76
95
114

25
23
10
11
4
3

Glory be to God, the numbers obtained in the third column are such that if we either add them together or place them side by side, they produce multiples of nineteen.

25 + 23 + 10 + 11 + 4 + 3 = 76
19 x 4

25,23,10,11,4,3 = 19 x 132794797

Now let us this time concatenate the sura numbers and their respective number of the verses for which the verse numbers are prime numbers and add the numbers obtained:

19,25 + 38,23 + 57,10 + 76,11 + 95,4 + 114,3 = 21166
19 x 1,114
(19) (1) (114)
Nineteen is the signature of the One who has revealed the Quran.
GOD BE GLORIFIED


Table
2: The 29 initialed suras
And the distribution of the prime and composite sura and verse numbers

No. Sura Numbers Total Verses (P.1) Verses (P.2) Verses
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
2*
3
*
7
*
10    
11
*
12    
13
*
14
15
19
*
20
26
27
28
29
*
30
31
*
32
36
38
40
41
*
42
43
*
44
45
46
50
68
286
200
206
109
123
111
43
52
99
98
135
227
93
88
69
60
34
30
83
88
85
54
53
89
59
37
35
45
52
61
46
46

30

14


25




19

11




16

24




 



29

29

15
25

32
49
24
23

17

10
23
23
23

16

17
12
11
14
15
Total 822 2743 292 407

The 29 suras that are prefixed with the Quranic initials constitute a great portion of the mathematical miracle of the Ouran. In the second column of table 2, we observe that from the twenty nine sura numbers, 10 ( * ) are prime numbers. This leaves 19 that are composite. The sum of the 10 sura numbers is 199. By adding the two numbers, we get 209 that is the number of the bones in human body (19 x 11). The ten suras contain 1202 verses. If we add this number to 199, the sum of the sura numbers, and 1221, the G. Value of  the Quranic statement that says, "Over it is nineteen," we get:

199 + 1202 + 1221 = 2622
19 x 138

In these twenty nine suras, there are 699 verses (292 + 407) for which the verse numbers are prime numbers. By placing 699 and 1221 side by side, we get:

699,1221 = 19 x 367959

From a total of 2743 verses, 699 are verses for which the verse numbers are prime numbers. This would leave 2044 verses for which the verse numbers are composite numbers. It is God's will that I (896,92) witness His signature over such an arrangement (699, 2044). "Over it is nineteen," (G.V. 1221). Let us place the above four numbers side by side:

896,92,699,2044,1221 = 19 x 472066837917959
GOD BE GLORIFIED

In the 10 ( * ) suras for which the sura numbers are prime numbers, we have 292 verses (P.1) for which the verse numbers are prime numbers. In the other 19 suras, we have 407 verses (P.2) for which the verse numbers are prime numbers. It is God's will that I (896,92) witness His signature over this arrangement (292, 407). "Over it is nineteen," (G.V. 1221). Let us place the above numbers side by side:

896,92,292,407,1221 = 19 x 47206469687959
GOD BE GLORIFIED