In the name of GOD, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Proclaim, “He is the One and Only GOD.”
“The Absolute GOD.”
“Never did He beget. Nor was He begotten.”
“None equals Him.”
Universal Unity Editor: Keikhosrow Emami
May 1997 [No. 35]
God's Evidence is Overwhelming
[25:33] Whatever argument they come up with, we provide you with the truth, and a better understanding.
The translation of the Quran by the messenger of the covenant carries God's signature. It is authorized by God. Like all other elements of the Quran, the meanings conveyed in this translation are under God's protection (15:9); they are impervious to tampering. All the praises are due to Almighty God. To demonstrate as to how the system works, God allows individuals such as Dr. Ali Fazely (6:112) to propagate ideas contrary to that reflected in the Authorized Translation. He then nullifies their works (22:52) and at the same time provides the believers with the truth and a better understanding. Dr. Ali Fazely in his J.O.S. has declared that the word "khalifa" in 2:30 does not refer to Satan. He says, "It refers to Adam as God's appointee on earth."
BY: ASHRAF SALMAWY
The aim of this research is to determine who does the word "khalifa" in 2:30 refer to, does it refer to "Iblis" (Satan) or Adam? This research will be based on the application of two parallel inquiries. The first inquiry will be analytical which is based on the certain meanings to be found in the Quranic verses. The second inquiry will be based on the application of the code of the Quran (19) so as to verify the identity of the "khalifa." This scientific tool has proven to be mighty conclusive in deciding issues.
First Inquiry: Rationalizing Quranic Meanings - To do so, it is first necessary to determine the meaning of the word "khalifa" as used in the Quran. From my humble study of the Quran I have found that God always provides us with sufficient clues to assist us in understanding those words that could have more than one interpretation. These clues are sometimes found within the verse under study and at other times in other verses that share the common topic. It is for this reason that it becomes crucial that in the analysis of any Quranic topic we look into all the verses that address the same issue.
The traditional method of determining the meaning of any word is to refer to its root. The root of the word "khalifa" is "khalaf" which literally means (came in succession to). Thus, "khalifa" literally means (successor). However, the act of succession implies the termination of the term or appointment of the former as a result of the coming of the later. A successor in effect replaces his predecessor. However, and since Almighty God is the Absolute God and there is no other god beside Him, to apply the literal meaning of the word "khalifa" to this verse is inappropriate. Whether the "khalifa" in 2:30 is meant to be Iblis or Adam, the fact remains that God's position or His authority can never be ended by the appointment of any one. However, temporary authority from God, and by His own will, can be delegated. The clue given to us by God to validate this understanding is found in 38:26. (The word "khalifa" is used only twice in the Quran, 2:30 and 38:26.) In 38:26 God addresses David saying: "O David, we have made you a ruler (khalifa) on earth. Therefore, you shall judge among the people equitably." This verse gives us further insight into the Quranic use of the word "khalifa." We learn from the Quran that God bestowed many blessings upon David and made him a most powerful king as per the words: "We strengthened his kingship. ..." (38:20). From these two verses it is obvious that God gave David immense authority, but since Almighty God is the Knower of all things, He is well aware that power could be abused, and thus He is quick in reminding David with the words: "Therefore, you shall judge among the people equitably." Both 2:30 and 38:26 speak of temporary khalifas. This is understood from the words "On earth" that follow the word "khalifa." Life on earth is preordained by the Almighty for an appointed time. Thus the words "On earth" indicate a location as well as time limit. From these Quranic verses there seems to be enough justification in translating the word" khalifa " as a "temporary supreme ruler."
If "temporary supreme ruler" is the Quranic meaning for the word "khalifa," it remains to be determined who the "khalifa" in 2:30 is. To ascertain the true identity of this "khalifa," we refer to the following Quranic statements:
1) In response to God's announce- ment that He is placing a "khalifa" on earth, the angels responded:
[2:30] "... Will You place therein one who will spread evil therein and shed blood, while we sing Your praises, glorify You and uphold Your absolute authority?"
2) In the events that follow, God teaches Adam the names of all things and when the angels are unable to recite the names when thus commanded, God tells them:
[2:33] "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets (Ghaib) of the heavens and the earth? I know what you declare, and what you conceal."
3) There are numerous verses in the Quran in which God asserts the fact that only He knows the "Ghaib" (the unseen):
[27:65] "Say, 'No one in the heavens and the earth knows the future (Ghaib) except God.' "
Since the verse says, "No one in the heavens and the earth," it is obvious that this applies to the angels as well. They too do not possess any knowledge of the "Ghaib" i.e. the unseen, the future, and etc. This is confirmed by the fact that they failed to recite the names of all things. Their failure to do so was the result of their ignorance of the "Ghaib." God's words also confirm this fact: 2:33 "... Did I not tell you that I know the secrets (Ghaib) of the heavens and the earth?" These Quranic facts shed light on the identity of the "khalifa" mentioned in 2:30.
If we assume that the "khalifa" in 2:30 is meant to be Adam, and since the angels do not possess any knowledge of the future, then how could they know that Adam in the future would spread evil on earth and shed blood? If God was referring to Adam as the "khalifa" in 2:30 then the angels had no ground to make such a prediction simply because they do not possess the knowledge of the future. However, and if the "khalifa" is meant to be Satan, then all the pieces fall in a right place and everything makes perfect sense. The Quran teaches us that Satan rebelled against God's absolute authority (38:69). Obviously, the angels who did not waver and held fast with God were very much aware of Satan's evil and idolatrous tendencies. Therefore, on the basis of the knowledge they had of him, it was just natural that they ask, "Will You place therein one who will spread evil therein and shed blood?" Now, how could the "khalifa" in 2:30 be anyone other than Satan? The statement made by the angels (spread evil and shed blood) was not a groundless prediction, but in fact, it was a logical understanding of the future events on the basis of the existing situation.
Second Inquiry: The Quranic code (19) - "I am placing a khalifa on earth." This above statement in Arabic: "Enni Jaa'elon Fel'ardeh Khalifatan," is made of 19 letters. This is an immediate clue from Almighty God to indicate the existence of mathematical signs within 2:30. The following mathematical proofs confirm that the word "Khalifa" in 2:30 refers to Iblis (Satan) and not Adam.
1. The G. Value of the individual letters that make up the words (Khalifa), (Iblis), and (Adam) are (600,30,10,80,5), (1,2,30,10,60), and ( 1,1,4,40). Let us place Iblis and Khalifa side by side:
1,2,30,10,60;600,30,10,80,5 = 19 x 6474242421211095
2. Let us this time reverse the above order and place Khalifa before Iblis:
600,30,10,80,5;1,2,30,10,60 = 19 x 31594793711173740
GOD BE GLORIFIED
The word" Adam" placed before or after "Khalifa" does not produce any multiple of nineteen.
3. The two words Iblis and Khalifa are made of 10 Arabic letters. Their G. Values are 103 and 725 respectively. Placing the above numbers side by side we get:
10,103,725 = 19 x 531775
4. Instead of (Iblis, Khalifa), let us use (Iblis) and the phrase (One who will spread evil therein, and shed blood), "Man Yoff'sedo Feehaa Wa Yas'fekod'demaa'a." These two parts together contain 26 letters. The G. Value of the phrase is 593 and the G. Value of Iblis is 103. If we place the above numbers side by side, we get:
26,593,103 = 19 x 1399637
5. If we add the above three numbers we get:
26 + 593 + 103 = 722
19 x 19 x 2
6. In our analytical inquiry we noticed the significance of 38:26 (where the khalifa is David) in identifying the khalifa in 2:30. Similarly, the mathematical data generated from this verse are integral parts to the evidences which prove that the khalifa in 2:30 in Satan.
a. The word khalifa in 2:30 is the 9th word in the verse. This verse contains a total of 27 words. [Similar to (Maa`lam) in 96:5, the word (Maa`laa) is counted as one word.] Adding 9 and 27 together, we get 36. Glory be to God, from Sura 2 in which the first word "khalifa" is occurred, if we take 36 suras forward we get to Sura 38 where we find the second and the only other word "khalifa" mentioned in the Quran. It is also noteworthy that there are 36 verses in the Quran before we get to the verse (2:30) where the first word "khalifa" is occurred.
b. The total number of the Arabic letters of the words Iblis and khalifa in 2:30 is 5+5 =10. The count of the letters of David and khalifa in 38:26 is 4+5 =9. Adding the two numbers 10 and 9, we get 19. Instead of Iblis/ khalifa in 2:30, if we use Adam/ khalifa, the number of the letters add up to 18.
7. (a) In Sura 2, verse 30, the 9th word, "khalifa," from a total of 27 words in the verse, refers to Iblis (103). Thus we get: (230927103). (b) In Sura 38, verse 26, the 4th word, "khalifa," from a total of 30 words in the verse, refers to David (15). Thus we get: (382643015). If we place the numbers obtained from a and b side by side, we get:
(2,30,9,27,103),(38,26,4,30,15) = 19 x 12154058072770685
8. In Sura 2, verse 30, the 9th word of a total of 27 words in the verse, is made up of 5 letters. This word (khalifa G. V. 725) refers to Iblis(G.V.103). Placing the above numbers side by side, we get:
2,30,9,27,5,725,103 = 19 x 121540827637
9. The number of the verses from 2:30 to 38:26, inclusive, is 3958. The first verse contains the word "khalifa" that refers to Iblis (G.V. 103). The second verse contains the word "khalifa" that refers to David (G.V. 15). If we place the number of the verses between the G. Value of the two khalifas, we get:
103,3958,15 = 19 x 19 x 5441885
GOD BE GLORIFIED
10. (a) In 2:30 the 9th word of the verse, refers to Iblis (103). By placing these numbers side by side, we get: (2309103). And (b), in 38:26 the 4th word of the verse, refers to David (15). Doing the same as above, we get: (3826415). Adding the results from a and b, we get:
(2,30,9,103) + (38,26,4,15) = 6135518
19 x 322922
11. In the first verse, the 9,h word which is khalifa (G.V. 725) refers to Iblis (103). In the second verse, the 4th word (725) refers to David (15). Let us place the above numbers side by side:
9,725,103;4,725,15 = 19 x 511847551185
12. Next we integrate the number of the letters in Iblis (5) and David (4) into our calculations. (a) In Sura 2 verse 30, khalifa refers to Iblis. The sum of the G. V. of the 5 letters that make up this name is 103. (2+30+5+103=140) And (b), in Sura 38 verse 26, khalifa refers to David. The sum of the G. V. of the 4 letters that make up this name is 15. (38+26+4+15 = 83) The number of the verses from the first occurrence of the word" khalifa " to its second occurrence, inclusive, is 3958. If we place this number between the two numbers obtained in a and b, we get:
140,3958,83 = 19 x 7389257
13. The difference between the two sura numbers (38-2) in which the word "khalifa" is occurred is 36. The first khalifa is Iblis (725,103) and the second khalifa is David (725,15). If we place 36 between the two numbers in the parenthesis, we get:
(725,103),36,(725,15) = 19 x 381633351185
14. The first khalifa is the 9th word and the second khalifa is the 4th word in their respective verses. In the above calculation, if we insert the two numbers before the first and the second khalifas (725), we get:
(9,725,103),36,(4,725,15) = 19 x 51184754551185
15. In the above calculation, if we add 5, the number of the letters in the word khalifa, to its G. Value (725), we get:
[9(725 + 5)103],36,[4(725 + 5)15]
19 x 19 x 2695319491615
16. In the above calculation instead of 36, if we place 3956, the number of verses between 2:30 and 38:26, we get:
(9,730,103),3956,(4,730,15) = 19 x 5121107050340685
17. In proof number 14, instead of the G. Value of Iblis ( 103) and David (15), if we place the number of the letters that make up each of the two words, 5 and 4, we get:
(9,725,5),36,(4,725,4) = 19 x 51187034066
18. In the above calculation instead of 36, if we place 3956, the number of the verses between 2:30 and 38:26, we get:
(9,725,5),3956,(4,725,4) = 19 x 5118705034066
19. If we add 230, representing the sura and the verse (2:30) to the G. V. of Iblis ( 103) , we get: 333. If we add 3826 for (38:26) to 15, the G.V. of David, we get: 3841. The difference between the two sura numbers (38-2) in which the word "khalifa" are occurred is 36. The number of the verses from 2:30 to 38:26, inclusive, is 3958. If we place these two numbers in between the numbers obtained above, we get:
333,(36,3958),3841= 19 x 19 x 9234458681
GOD BE GLORIFIED
20. Now let us recall all the data pertaining the two verses: (a) In Sura 2 verse 30, the 9th word, "khalifa," contains 5 letters, its G. Value is 725, and it refers to Iblis (G.V. 103). Placing the above numbers side by side, we get: 23095725103. (b) In Sura 38 verse 26, the 4th word of the verse, "khalifa," contains 5 letters, its G. Value is 725, and it refers to David (G. V. 15). Placing the above numbers side by side, we get: 38264572515. (c) There are 3956 verses between 2:30 and 38:26. If we place (c) between (a) and (b), we get:
19 x 1215564479126086224451185
21. Incredibly, if we add all the components in the above calculation, we again get a multiple of nineteen.
2+30+9+5+725+103+3956+38+26+4+5+725+15 = 5643
19 x 297
22. In proof No.20, instead of 3956 if we place 36 and 3958, we get:
19 x 121556447912441886224451185
23. In proof No.21, instead of 3956, if we add 36 and 3958 in our calculation, we get:
2+30+9+5+725+103+36+3958+38+26+4+5+725+15 = 5681
19 x 299
We have sent down to you such clear revelations,
And only the wicked will reject them.
Praise be to God, Lord of the universe!
A NEW DIMENSION TO AN AWESOME MIRACLE
Praise to Almighty God, praise to His Glorious Quran that never ceases to provide us with new and astounding signs of God's awesome miracle. Not only do the previous proofs assert the identity of the khalifa in 2:30 and thus confirm the interpretation passed on to us by God's messenger of the covenant, but they also show us a new dimension to the miracle. Within these proofs as will be demonstrated, we are provided with valuable guidelines regarding the application of the code 19 as a tool of verification.
In order to demonstrate this, it is first necessary to present the readers with some general properties of the numbers. If the difference between two numbers is a multiple of 19, then the two numbers usually calculate in a similar manner .
Example: Suppose we are verifying a certain Quranic verse, call It (x), and a specific word in that verse, call it (y), and we are trying to verify whether (x) and (y) are referring to Noah or in fact to Lot. Let us assume:
G. Value of (x) = 1228 and the G. Value of (y) = 48
We know that the G. Value of Noah is (64) and the G. Value of Lot is 45. Because the difference between the G. Values (64 - 45 = 19) is multiple of 19, (19x1), using Noah or Lot in the calculations will usually produce similar results. Let us do the calculations both by adding and also concatenating the numbers: